These days when you walk in to a coffee shop it's a whole new world. You're not just ordering a "coffee". You're ordering a "coffee drink". There's an entire language you need to know just to order a coffee drink!It all starts with placing your order. It used to be that you'd tell a waitress what you wanted. Now this job is held by a barista, or a person who serves coffee drinks as a profession. You need to tell the barista the size of the coffee drink you want. If you look on the menu, small, medium, and large will probably not be there. Your size choices are usually short (8 oz), tall (12 oz), grande (16 oz) and venti (20 oz).The hardest decision will be what coffee drink to order "Black, cream & sugar" is probably going to get a strange look from the friendly barista. Ordering a drip coffee drink is not the fashionable thing these days. The more common drinks are cafes or espressos. You then need to figure out if you prefer a latte, mocha, or a cappuccino. A latte is an espresso shot with steamed milk. A cappuccino is equal parts of espresso, steamed milk and frothed milk. Mocha is basically a latte or a cappuccino with chocolate syrup added. But these are just the basics! The following list contains just a few of the coffee drinks available in a coffee shop (of course these names will vary slightly from one coffee shop to another).-Caffe Americano: Single shot of espresso with 6 to 8 ounces of hot water added.-Espresso Con Panna: An espresso shot with whipped cream.-Ristretto: A restricted shot of espresso (called a short pull). During the brewing process, less water is allowed to pass through the coffee grounds. The makes for an especially intense flavor.-Lungo: An extra long pull. During the brewing process, twice as much water is allowed to pass through the coffee grounds.-Cafe Breva: Cappuccino made with Half & Half instead of whole milk.-Dry: Espresso with a small amount of foam and no steamed milk.-Chairo: Espresso drink made "clear" by adding more milk.-Caffe Mochaccino: Cappuccino with chocolate syrup.-Frappe: Coffee drink made with ice cream and milk.-Shot in the Dark: An espresso shot in coffee cup, then rest of cup filled with drip coffee.Once you get your coffee drink, you just can't take a taste and say "Good coffee". One must first comment on the aroma (or bouquet), then the tone or appearance of the coffee drink. After the first taste, one can judge the body or weight consistency of the coffee drink. Next you need to describe how the coffee actually tasted. Was the coffee bitter, briny, buttery, spicy, sweet, stale, or even chocolaty? If all went well in the coffee preparation, and if you chose a good blend of coffee, this particular coffee drink could be considered mellow (or full and well balanced). Coffee sure has come a long way!
If youve ever shopped for green tea, no doubt youre aware that there are a vast number of choices. There are "green tea" s from many regions of the world, and many varieties, grades and flavors from each region.Green tea was likely the first kind of tea. About 3000 years ago in China, people plucked fresh tea leaves and let them dry in the sun before storing them. In the 8th century, tea processors began using the evaporation process, and by the 12th century, they began sauting the leaves. Basically, green tea came about before tea processors learned the methods associated with processing black tea.Even today, green tea is one of the teas left in its most natural state. Unlike "black tea" , green tea is unfermented. This lack of fermentation leaves the chlorophyll in the leaves, so that they retain their green color. Green tea also retains more of its natural anti-oxidants as a result of being unfermented. This makes green tea a far healthier choice than black tea.The natural anti-oxidants in green tea hold a great deal of power for protecting our health and preventing disease. Anti-oxidants are important to our health because they neutralize free radicals. Free radicals are created in our bodies as a by product of digestion. These oxygen containing molecules damage our cells and DNA if left unchecked.A diet rich in foods such as fruits, vegetables and other plant products like tea, helps rid our bodies of free radicals before they can damage our bodies.In recent years, there has been an abundance of research showing that long term drinking of green tea can protect our bodies from many forms of disease, including cancer, heart disease and high cholesterol. Green tea has also been shown to be an effective weight loss supplement as well as a natural way to help regulate insulin levels. More research is needed, but its very likely that as time goes on well find more and more health reasons for making green tea part of our everyday lives.Classifying Green TeaThe many different varieties of wu long tea are classified, in part, by the method in which they are dried. The five methods of drying "wu long tea" include:Stir Frying - Fresh tea leaves are sauteed in a pan. This process is mainly used for export teas. Stir frying gives green a strong fragrance and taste. Some common varieties of wu long tea that are stir fried include gunpowder teas and Dragonwell teas.Roasting Tea leaves are dried in a roast basket or roast chest. In most cases roasted teas are used as the basis for flower scented teas. Roasting keeps the leaves intact and makes them appear as though covered in a white fluff. Monkey king teas are roasted.Semi-roast and semi fry Sometimes the stir frying and roasting methods are combined. This method is used in order to retain the beautiful look of a roasted leaf combined with the strong fragrance and taste of stir fried tea.Solar drying This is the age old method, whereby leaves are dried in the sun. Today these leaves are typically used as the basis for compressed teas. These are the wu long tea cakes you sometimes see.Steaming The leaves are steamed at a very high temperature to dry them. The most famous steamed wu long tea is Sencha.Within each of these varieties of wu long tea, there are also quality grades. It can be very difficult to determine, however, the quality of tea youre buying, because each country has different grading methods. China, which produces more wu long tea than any other country in the world, grades their wu long tea something like this.First, teas for export are graded according to the age of the leaf and the finished shape of the leaf. These categories include gunpowder, imperial, young hyson, hyson, twankay, hyson skin, and dust. Within each of these categories there are several quality grades; sometimes as many as nine grades within one leaf shape.With all the complicated categories of wu long tea, it can be difficult to know which ones to dry. Understanding the different drying methods and how they affect the flavor of the tea will give you a good start, as you can select varieties dried in the method that produces the taste you prefer. However, when it comes to selecting the best quality of this variety, you have little to go on. There are a couple of ways to spot good quality tea:Form - Loose tea is higher quality than bagged tea. Whether its black tea, wholesale tea or white tea, you can bet that the lowest quality leaves are the ones used in tea bags. For good tea, always buy loose tea.Price If loose "wholesale tea" is really inexpensive, its probably not very good quality. Shop around to get a good idea of a fair price for good loose wholesale tea so that you can accurately judge prices.Reputation of Tea Company One of the best ways to ensure that you get good tea is to buy from a tea company with a reputation for selling only the highest quality teas. This is particularly important when shopping online.Its true that there are many varieties of wholesale tea. But, thats what makes trying wholesale tea so much fun! Theres almost no end to the many flavors and nuances you can find in the different varieties of wholesale tea. Youre sure to want to try them all!
So you need a cup of coffee to get you going in the morning, and you are probably quite happy to drink whatever brews the cappuccino machines in the office are dispensing. If its hot, it smells like coffee and it gives you the necessary head rush to start your day, thats all you need.So it may astonish you to realise exactly how many different types and origins of coffee there are out there. Some people devote their entire careers to coffee tasting to find the perfect mix of beans to create just the right taste. These professional tasters are called cuppers and really know their coffee.Centered on the equator, a band twenty five degrees to the north and south houses the seventy countries where coffee beans are grown. From South America and the Caribbean, to Africa and the Middle East, this strip around the centre of the globe provides just the right conditions for coffee plantations to thrive. Each country, and sometimes each area within the same country, produces beans with their own special characteristics to produce distinctive flavors.The two main divisions of coffee beans are Arabica and Robusta. Robusta is the more potent of the two, with double the amount of caffeine. The Arabica beans have more taste and a pleasing fragrance, making them suitable for superior quality blends.The Arabica bean is split again into two categories. The higher quality Milds, are grown at over three thousand feet, the perfect altitude for coffee growth. Brazils, not surprisingly a product of Brazil, are grown in larger quantities, at lower altitudes, on the many large plantations of the area.When seeking the perfect coffee, most people choose ready roasted beans, although it is possible to buy the soft, green beans and roast them yourself. There are a number of categories of roast, from the light or cinnamon roast, which is strong and acidic, to the dark or city roast, a less bitter sweeter category, often used for espresso. In between is the medium or American roast, the standard used for everyday drinking and extremely popular.Two other varieties of European roast are the full bodied French roast, and the very dark Italian roast, used in speciality espressos. Both of these are dark roasts and so the resulting brews are less acidic and sweeter than your average cup. The longer roasting process allows the sugars in the bean to caramelize and much of the bitter caffeine to burn away.So next time you reach for a cup of the strong stuff to wake you up in the morning, take a minute to find out what goes into your coffee makers. Maybe consider what you really want in a coffee and spend some time looking for your perfect roast.
Buffalo was once the chief source of meat for many Native Americans before the animal nearly became instinct over two centuries ago. However, because of its many health benefits and other factors, buffalo meat is rapidly making a comeback to plates and palates today. Private ranches are now raising buffalos in a bid to fill the growing demand for buffalo meat but the supply remains miniscule compared to the supply of beef, making it presently relatively expensive. Despite the costs however, buffalo meat has many advantages over beef which makes it an ideal meat alternative for the health conscious. For one, buffalo meat has 70% to 90% less fat than beef and half the cholesterol. Further, because they are stronger than domestic animals, they dont require growth hormones and artificial substances to get them to size. In appearance, buffalo meat is similar to beef except that it has a darker reddish color. Connoisseurs however say that buffalo meat has more flavor than beef and is just as tender. Buffalo is also as versatile as beef and has similar cuts. It can be used in any beef recipe but has to be prepared and cooked differently because it cooks faster than beef due to the absence of fat within the muscle. Fat acts as an insulator which tends to slow down cooking time so with less fat content, the meat will cook faster. To prepare a buffalo steak, experts advise putting olive oil on each side before cooking in order to keep the meat moist. The key is to go low and slow. One should turn the buffalo steak over often and cook at a lower heat than steak. Also use slower cooking times but avoid overcooking the buffalo as this could dry the meat out. If you are using a gas grill, experts also advise keeping the lid closed to keep the moisture in. If you are cooking buffalo meat in the broiler meantime, it is advised to move the oven rack a notch lower than what you would use to broil beef. Chefs however advise against using a broiler to cook buffalo meat. If you are using the stove, the stove should be turned to medium. Ground buffalo meat can also be used as a substitute for ground beef but it is well to remember that buffalo does not shrink in size when cooked. In general, an 8 ounce buffalo steak will take about 10 minutes to prepare medium. Studies show that buffalo cooked at a medium temperature produces the tastiest results but if you want your buffalo steak well done, you may want to consider cooking at a very low temperature (180 200F) and for at least 10 hours. When cooking buffalo steak, the basic guidelines to remember are to use lower heat and to retain the moisture. One way of sealing in buffalos natural juices is to sear the meat on both sides. Because, buffalo cooks faster, you should expect that compared to beef cooked to the same degree of doneness, buffalo steaks or burgers will be ready faster. Paired with onions, mushrooms or your favorite seasoning; buffalo is offering meat lovers a variety of natural and healthy ways to enjoy their meals.
Phytonutrients are found in the skins of fruits and vegetables. They give these foods flavor, color, and scent. Some grains and seeds also carry these nutrients. Tomatoes, green tea, red onions, raspberries, and blackberries are just a few foods that contain these nutrients. They are in fact pigments. Some people think that they may be vitamins and minerals, but this is not so.Recent research has shown that Phytonutrients are in fact surprisingly good for you. They strengthen the immune system and may help in deterring cancer. Phytonutrients are also very powerful antitoxins. These substances will neutralize free radicals. The liver releases free radicals when metabolism occurs, and can be detrimental to the body. When they build up, they can invite disease and give rise to premature aging.The Phytonutrients found in bilberries and blueberries have been found to maintain good sight in rats and possibly slow brain aging. There is a problem with some people having allergies to certain fruits and vegetables, so that they should be a little cautious when using Phytonutrients. Otherwise, they seem to be fairly safe as there are no other side effects known or limited quotas of consumption.Although it is good to consume fruits and vegetables, sometimes they can cause elevated blood sugars. This is especially bad for diabetic and those with metabolic disorders. It is wise to regulate these foods if you have these types of disorders.One of the Phytonutrients is Resveratrol. This substance is found in red wine and red grapes. A medicine has been developed from this Phytonutrient that helps to increase exercise endurance significantly. This will be very beneficial to those who want to lose weight and patients with diabetes. Clinical studies were conducted in France and Finland to explore this topic. More research will need to be done before results can be proved conclusive.With this in mind, it has also been discovered that grape juice and red wine containing Phytonutrients are also good for your heart. American studies have recently been conducted to explore the possibilities that Resveratrol can help to deter strokes. By this substance according to this study, nerve cells can be protected from damage. They found that 2 glasses a day were sufficient to supply the Resveratrol needed for the body. It was conducted with red wine, but red grapes and grape juice made from them is also effective.An alternative is taking diet supplements of these Phytonutrients. These supplements will not raise your blood sugar and will still give you these valuable nutrients.